May 16, 2023

Best Guide: How to Grow Lion's Mane Mushrooms with Ease

How to Grow Lion’s Mane Mushrooms: Tips, Health Benefits, and Recipes

Lion's Mane mushrooms, also known as Hericium erinaceus, are a delicious and nutritious type of mushroom that have gained popularity in recent years for their unique appearance and health benefits. These mushrooms have a long history of use in traditional medicine, particularly in Asia, where they are believed to have a wide range of therapeutic properties. They are also increasingly popular as a culinary ingredient, particularly in vegan and vegetarian diets, due to their meaty texture and umami flavor.

Step-By-Step Guide: How to Grow Lion’s Mane Mushrooms

If you're interested in how to grow Lion's Mane mushrooms, you'll be pleased to know that they are relatively easy to cultivate, especially if you have experience growing other types of mushrooms. In this article, we will take a look at the steps you need to follow to learn how to grow Lion's Mane mushrooms, as well as some tips and tricks to help you get the best results.

Step 1: Gather your materials

To grow Lion's Mane mushrooms, you will need the following materials:

  • Lion's Mane mushroom spawn
  • Sterilized grain (such as wheat or rye berries)
  • Pasteurized sawdust or hardwood chips
  • Large plastic bags or containers with lids
  • A spray bottle
  • A thermometer
  • A humidifier (optional)

You can purchase Lion's Mane mushroom spawn from a variety of online retailers, as well as from some specialty mushroom suppliers. The spawn typically comes in the form of inoculated grain, which is used to start the growth of the mushrooms.

Step 2: Prepare your substrate

The substrate is the material on which the mushroom spawn will grow. For Lion's Mane mushrooms, you can use either sawdust or hardwood chips as your substrate. Sawdust is typically more easily accessible and easier to work with, but hardwood chips can produce a higher yield.

To prepare your substrate, start by sterilizing your grain in a pressure cooker or autoclave. Once the grain has cooled, mix it with your pasteurized sawdust or hardwood chips in a large container. The ideal ratio of grain to substrate is 1:4.

Step 3: Inoculate your substrate

Once your substrate is mixed and cooled to room temperature, it's time to inoculate it with your Lion's Mane mushroom spawn. To do this, simply add the spawn to the substrate and mix it thoroughly.

Once the spawn is mixed in, transfer the substrate to plastic bags or containers with lids. Seal the bags or containers and poke a few small holes in them to allow for air exchange.

Step 4: Incubate the bags

Lion's Mane mushrooms grow best in warm, humid environments, so it's important to keep your bags or containers at a consistent temperature of around 75-80°F (24-27°C) and a relative humidity of around 80%. You can use a thermometer to monitor the temperature, and a humidifier to maintain the humidity if necessary.

After a few days, you should start to see mycelium growth in your bags or containers. The mycelium will appear as white, web-like filaments that spread throughout the substrate.

Step 5: Trigger fruiting

Once the mycelium has fully colonized the substrate, it's time to trigger fruiting. To do this, you will need to introduce fresh air and lower the temperature slightly. This can be done by cutting a small hole in the top of your bags or containers and placing them in a cool, dark place.

You should start to see small, white "pins" forming on the surface of the substrate within a few days. These will eventually develop into fully-formed Lion's Mane mushrooms.

Step 6: Harvest and store your mushrooms

Lion's Mane mushrooms are typically ready to harvest when they reach a size of around 3-4 inches (7-10 cm) in diameter. To harvest, simply use a sharp knife or scissors to cut the mushrooms off at the base of the stem.

Once harvested, Lion's Mane mushrooms can be stored in the refrigerator for up to a week, or in the freezer for up to six months. It's best to store them in a paper bag or cloth towel, rather than in plastic, to prevent moisture buildup.

how to grow lion's mane mushrooms
How to Grow Lion's Mane Mushrooms by Mycology Men

How to Grow Lion's Mane Mushrooms Tips and Tricks

  • Sterilization is key: Make sure to sterilize your materials thoroughly to prevent contamination from other bacteria or fungi.
  • Keep humidity high: Lion's Mane mushrooms thrive in high humidity environments, so make sure to keep your bags or containers moist and use a humidifier if necessary.
  • Keep a consistent temperature: Fluctuations in temperature can slow down or even halt growth, so try to keep the temperature within a consistent range.
  • Be patient: It can take several weeks for Lion's Mane mushrooms to fully colonize the substrate and start fruiting, so don't get discouraged if you don't see results right away.

Health Benefits of Lion's Mane Mushrooms

In addition to being delicious, Lion's Mane mushrooms have a range of potential health benefits. Here are just a few:

  • Brain health: Lion's Mane mushrooms have been shown to stimulate nerve growth factor (NGF) production in the brain, which may help to improve cognitive function and reduce the risk of neurological diseases like Alzheimer's and Parkinson's.
  • Immune system support: Lion's Mane mushrooms contain beta-glucans, which are compounds that have been shown to enhance immune function and help the body fight off infections and diseases.
  • Digestive health: Lion's Mane mushrooms contain polysaccharides that may help to reduce inflammation in the digestive tract and improve gut health.
  • Anti-inflammatory properties: Some studies have suggested that Lion's Mane mushrooms may have anti-inflammatory properties, which could help to reduce the risk of chronic diseases like heart disease, cancer, and diabetes.

Recipes to Use Lion's Mane Mushrooms

Lion's Mane Mushroom Stir-Fry


  • 1 lb (450g) Lion's Mane mushrooms
  • 1 red bell pepper, sliced
  • 1 green bell pepper, sliced
  • 1 yellow onion, sliced
  • 2 garlic cloves, minced
  • 2 tbsp (30ml) soy sauce
  • 1 tbsp (15ml) sesame oil
  • 1 tbsp (15ml) rice vinegar
  • 1 tbsp (15ml) cornstarch
  • 2 tbsp (30ml) water
  • 2 tbsp (30ml) vegetable oil
  • Salt and pepper, to taste


  1. Cut the Lion's Mane mushrooms into bite-sized pieces and set aside.
  2. In a small bowl, whisk together the soy sauce, sesame oil, rice vinegar, cornstarch, and water. Set aside.
  3. Heat the vegetable oil in a large skillet or wok over high heat. Add the onions and peppers and stir-fry for 2-3 minutes, until slightly softened.
  4. Add the garlic and Lion's Mane mushrooms and stir-fry for another 3-4 minutes, until the mushrooms are cooked through and slightly browned.
  5. Pour the soy sauce mixture over the vegetables and stir to coat. Cook for another minute or two, until the sauce has thickened.
  6. Season with salt and pepper to taste, and serve over rice or noodles.

Lion's Mane Mushroom Soup


  • 1 lb (450g) Lion's Mane mushrooms, chopped
  • 1 yellow onion, diced
  • 3 cloves garlic, minced
  • 1 tbsp (15ml) olive oil
  • 6 cups (1.4L) vegetable broth
  • 1 cup (240ml) heavy cream
  • Salt and pepper, to taste
  • Chives, chopped (for garnish)


  1. Heat the olive oil in a large pot over medium heat. Add the onion and garlic and sauté for 3-4 minutes, until softened.
  2. Add the Lion's Mane mushrooms and sauté for another 3-4 minutes, until the mushrooms are cooked through.
  3. Pour the vegetable broth into the pot and bring to a simmer. Simmer for 15-20 minutes, until the flavors have melded together.
  4. Remove the pot from the heat and use an immersion blender or transfer the soup to a blender to puree until smooth.
  5. Return the soup to the pot and stir in the heavy cream. Heat the soup over medium heat until warmed through.
  6. Season with salt and pepper to taste, and serve hot, garnished with chopped chives.


Learning how to grow Lion's Mane mushrooms is a fun and rewarding process that can yield delicious and nutritious results. With a little bit of patience, attention to detail, and the right conditions, you can produce your own crop of these unique and flavorful mushrooms. Not only are they delicious in a range of dishes, but they also offer potential health benefits that make them a valuable addition to any diet. So why not give it a try and start growing your own Lion's Mane mushrooms today?

Mycology Men
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